Piano Rendition : Belaian Jiwa :-
Piano Rendition : Close to you : –
Piano Rendition : Belaian Jiwa :-
Piano Rendition : Close to you : –
1.) The “NAME” of Thaipusam – astronomical and calendric name
Thaipusam is a combination of two words, namely THAI, and PUSAM.
“THAI” is the name of the particular “month” according to the Tamil Calendar ( refer here for a glimpse of a Tamil Calendar –> http://www.tamildailycalendar.com/ ).
“PUSAM” is the name of a “star”, which is positioned at the highest point during the THAIPUSAM festival.
2.) Story/Myth/Legend Behind Thaipusam
Many mistaken that it was a celebration of Lord Murugan’s birthday. according to a research by Murugan.org, (refer here –> http://murugan.org/research/duraiswamy-vaikasi-visakam.htm ), the birthday of Lord Murugan is actually “Vaikāsi Visākam”, celebrated in the Vaikasi month, (May/June) .
THe thaipusam legend goes like this (based on the combination of few of my researches. Many different stories, but i tried to combine them into two
There was a demon Asura (Asura are like demons. if you play alot of internet games, you will know the ability of an Asura) named Tharakasuran/Tarakasura’s.
Tarakasura, and his demon “asura” army, attacks the Devas (if you know bahasa Melayu, Dewa Dewi punya Dewa lah). Some said, Tarakasura disturb the rishis, saints, Devas. Some said attacked.
The Devas, unable to fight off Tarakasura, prayed to the Great Shiva for help. Lord Shiva and his Wife, Parvati, then called upon their son (some said, “create”) Lord Murugan, to help to fight off the Asura army lead by Tarakasura.
Lord Murugan was given 11 celestials weapons by Lord Shiva his “father”, and also 1 particular powerful weapon called the “VEL” given by his mother Parvati.
It is said that Lord Murugan then led the Devas, to defeat Tarakasura’s Demon Asura Army, with the “VEL” Parvati gave it to him, ON the THAI month, where PUSAM/POOSAM star was at its highest point. Hence the celebration of THaipusam.
and the “VEL” is manifested in some of the Kavadi, IE the “VEL” Kavadi, which will be elaborated below under the “KAVADI” section.
Story is not as nice as the first one. According to another myth, Lord Murugan “Eavesdropped” his parents, when Lord Shiva (Father) was impoarting a mantra to Parvati (His mother).
because of eavesdropping, Parvati laid a curse on him, and hence creating the “rule” that eavedropping must be punished, even if its your son.
To seek for forgiveness and indulgence, Lord Murugan then offered hard penance at Thiruparankundram (A town in Tamil Nadu). Lord Shiva and Parvati were pleased with his repentane and lifted the punishment / curse.
the day in which the curse was lifted, was the “Thai Pusam” day.
Hence, Worshippers of Lord MURUGAN, celebrates the THaipusam day
3.) How do you Celebrate it? – “KAVADI ATTAM” and Prayers
yes, you didn’t read wrongly. THe Kavadi in “kavadi attam” is that kavadi thing you already knew.
“Kavadi Attam” means the “Kavadi Dance”. I browsed through this academic article written by Dr A.P. Rajaram, who elaborated the Kavadi Dance in his Dissertation. you can read it here if you’re free (–> http://www.jedsonline.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/KAVADI-ATTAM-A-DANCE-RITUAL.pdf ), or you can just read my summary :
Kavadi attam is a dance, related to the concept of “Bound by your debt” to Lord Murugan. In simpler words, it means you pray for something from Lord Murugan, and in return, you take on physical burden of Carrying the Kavadi during the Thaipusam, to Repay your “debt” owed to Lord Murugan when you make a prayer for wish.
– Story and Origin of Kavadi
Based on ” http://palani.org/kavadi.htm ” the story of KAVADI’s origin can be summarized as below
At Mount Kailas, Lord Shiva asked a sage by the name of Agastya to move two hillocks/mountain/hills, which are the Shivagiri Hill and the Shaktigiri Hill,to South India. The Sage Agastya, then ask his “disciple”, Idumban to carry the two hills/mountain to South India. He carried the two hills/mountain in the form of Kavadi, means each hill/mountain on each side of his shoulder (hence the KAVADI ! – read on). He couldn’t have moved the hill at first. but after praying to Lord Murugan, he found the strength to carry the two hills.
This Disciple Idumban is a very special person. He was an Asura, who survived the Asura-Dewa warfare (the one mentioned above). After that, he sworn his loyalty to Lord Murugan, and prayed to him.
When he reaches PALANI, near a Lord Murugan Temple, he put down the two hills, and rest. When he is done with resting and wanted to proceed to his journey again, he found that he could NOT move the hills anymore. He then asked the youth-dressing person for help to move the hills, but then, the youth-dressing person then claimed that the hills belonged to him……… (to be continued)
Meanwhile, in another setting, Lord Murugan, and his brother Lord Ganesan/Ganapathi were in a competition to race around the world. His brother Lord Ganesan/Ganapathi won the race by just running around their parents, Lord Shiva, and Pavarti, signifying that they both were the “centre of the world”. Lord Ganesan/Ganapathi then claimed the price of the race, which is the “Jnana-pazham”/ or commonly known as the “FRUIT”.
Lord Murugan felt cheated and angry for losing the race. He then went down to Tiru Avinankudi at the Adivaaram (meaning ‘foot of the Shivagiri Hill’ –> Shivagiri hill being one of the hill/mountain carried by Idumban the disciple) and rest there. His father, Lord Shiva then went on the “pacify” him, to mitigate his anger, by telling him that he, Lord Murugan, is the “Pahzam – Fruit” of all wisdom and knowledge. Hence the place that he was resting, was called “Phazam-nee – You are the fruit”, or “PALANI”.
……… (Continued above). This youth-dressing man then pursued a fight with Idumban, the hill/mountains carrying disciple, and kill idumban. After that, he resurrected Idumban, and revealed that he was in fact Lord Murugan.
Idumban saw Lord Murugan, who resurrected him, immediately prayed to him, and made a vow that
“1) whosoever carried on his shoulders the kavadi, signifying the two hills and visited the temple on a vow should be blessed”
“2) he should be given the priviledge of standing sentinel at the entrance to the hill. “
Therefore, if you were bothered to move yourself to Batu Cave, you would have seene Idumban shrine half-way up the hill where every pilgrim is expected to offer obeisance to Idumban before entering the temple. Since then, pilgrims bring their offerings on their shoulders in a kavadi, remembering Idumban.
4.) What kind of preparation for Kavadi Attam, and Thaipusam Celebration?
Based on Kent, Alexandra on her book Divinity and Diversity: A Hindu Revitalization Movement in Malaysia, A Hindu must observed the following before they can carry the Kavadi offering to God :-
following strict purification, and fasting, such as :-
-Transcendence of DESIRE
– SHAVING of the head
– Following a vegetarian diet and refraining from alcohol – in detail, eat only “SATVIK” vegetarian food (not tained by evil), and only ONCE per day
– Sexual abstinence
– Bathing in COLD WATER
– Sleeping on the FLOOR
– Regular PRAYERS
They would fast approximately 48 days before Thaipusam. Kavadi-bearers have to perform elaborate ceremonies too. On the day of the festival, devotees will shave their heads and undertake a pilgrimage along a set route while engaging in various acts of devotion, notably carrying various types of kavadi (burdens) or Milk. Some uses Vel instruments to pierce their Skin.
5.) What Kind of Kavadi? VEL Kavadi Versus PAL Kavadi.
THe most interesting Kavadi, would be the “VEL” Kavadi.
if you’re forgotten what is the VEL, scroll upwards. It’s the “weapon” given to Lord Murugan by Parvati in the Asura-Dewa war.
It is a portable altar up to two meters tall, decorated with peacock feathers and attached to the devotee through 108 vels pierced into the skin on the chest and back.
Devotees claim that they will “enter trance” feel no pain, do not bleed from their wounds and have no scars left behind.
Based on my personal observation with my brother Tai Zee How and Dimishtra Sittampalam , it seems that Devotees inhale alot alot alot of Weed during their Kavadi Attam. maybe that helps to relieve the pain too.
Some devotees also carry a brass jug of milk (Pal Kavadi) on their heads while others carry small pots with offerings for their deity
Thaipusam is a very ritual rich and cultural celebration. I’ve the privilege of attending one with my close friends in batu Caves, and the experience was superb. The squeezing into the KTM which you can barely move (all Hindu devotees) from subang jaya to Batu Cave, and the crowd there was just amazing. You feel like as if you’re in PALANI TAMIL NADU and not Kuala LUmpur.
As a Proud malaysian, we must at the very least learn, and understand the culture and history of one and another. I hope this post give you the sligthest idea of what is so significant to our Hindu brothers and sisters that this day is made a public holiday.
THaipusam Vathukal to all my friends who celebrates it!
Tai Zee Kin
My father taught me few golden rules when it comes to lending money to friends or relative, and they are very useful and effective tips !
Here are the lessons :
1) only lend amount that is immaterial to you that you must treat that it’s “gone”. It should bother your financial health and mustn’t burden you in any way.
2) with 1) in mind, never ask back the money, give as much time as possible to your friends and family to repay you. If they forgotten about it, you should forget about it too. Money should not be a reason to lose or sour friendship or family ties.
3) if the amount requested is too much and became material to you, or became burdensome, say NO at all cost. It’s better to be honest upfront even if it causes discomfort, than making the debt an ever lasting reason to further sour your friendship or family ties in long run while you chase for debt.
4) when a friend or family needed money for important things like to pay for medical bill or buy food because of poverty, and the borrower is close enough to warrant you to spend more than what is immaterial to assist, do not lend the money. Spare some time, drive your friend or relative to the hospital or supermarket, and pay yourself. If you can’t do that, say “NO” too.
5) a friend whom you lend money to in the past, if he comes back to borrow more money from you before repaying the first debt, do not lend it to him. Say NO. You are not helping him. You are just making him taking you for granted. Again, unless he really needs it for important stuffs, offer to pay for the transaction yourself without giving him the money.
6) if your friend is a gambler, and is borrowing money to repay his gambling debt, say NO. Same applies to anyone who is borrowing money on behalf of his or her spouse, relatives etc. This is not helping. He should learn how to pay his own debt, even if it means being declared bankrupt. There are many bankrupts in this world, and they survived becoming better person after that. If it’s along that he is debted to, assist him to make police report and leave it as that.
7) above doesn’t apply when it comes to people you love very much. You must do all you can to help your parents, spouse, siblings even if it means you will be broke by lending money to them. But being a responsible family member of friend, you mustn’t stop at lending money to them. You have the duty and responsibility to help them to cope and resolve their issue in totality. Check them in a rehab, counselling, register them to AKPK, etc.
8) if a friend or family member borrow from you to start a business, advice them to take a bank loan, or demand for sufficient equity / stake in the business. Why so? First, banks are there to lend money to people who wants to start a business. If he couldnt secure a loan, it simply means he couldnt pass the diligent test on his business’ viability. The bank deems his business as being too risky and not worthy of an investment. So by borrowing money from you, he is passing the risks to you. Why should a friend, pass his business risk to you without offering you a fair share of return? If he is not being fair to you, he is taking you for granted. If you are indeed being offered stake or equity of the business, threat this as a business partnership than a lending transaction : do all your due diligence, study his business model, give him your views, and take it as a form of investment rather than mere lending of money.
These lessons have helped me to date. I have not sour any friendship because of money, and I never ask back what I have lend out.
1.) “Happy Chinese New Year”
Among the 1.2 billion Native Chinese Speakers in the world (Chinese language reference at Ethnologue (16th ed, 2009) , FEW would actually use the phrase “CHINESE NEW YEAR” to greet/resemble the celebration. The “Chinese” new year phrase is very much a “western” product to facilitate racial profiling, capitalising on the celebration of Spring Festival. If same logics were to be applied to similiar celebrations for other cultures/ethincs, you will have the following celebrations
– Happy Malay / Arab New Year for Maal Hijrah
– Happy Indian / Tamil New Year for Ponggal or equivalent for other races
– Happy Kadazan / Dusun New Year for Kaamatan or Gawai
– Happy Caucasian New Year for 1st of January
– Happy Japanese New year for 1st of January
which doesn’t make sense.
How do Chinese Native speakers then refer to this celebration/ festival as?
1.) 春节快乐 – Happy Spring Festival
2.) 农历新年 – Happy Peasantry/Farmer Calendric New year (Note that the Calender that chinese uses places emphasis on the 24 节气 or 24 seggregation/categorization of “seasons” which is the point of reference for our ancestors (Mainly peasantry farmers) pertaining farming.
3.) 阴历新年 － Happy Lunar New Year
4.) 新春快乐 － Happy New/Arrival of the Spring
5.) 年节 － Festival of “year”/Nian
6.) 过年 － “Passing” of the “Year”/ “nian”
none, literally, of the chinese / mandarin / verbal / lingual connotation of the festival would have anything to do with the “Race”. the chinese’s 5000 years old ancestry root that celebrate this festival probably didn’t even know that they are called “Chinese”.
I think this is why we have to resume to the proper name of the festival. I would urge everyone to use the greeting of
HAPPY SPRING FESTIVAL. it means the same thing to chinese people, and it becomes less “racially exclusive”. The Koreans celebrates the spring festival too on the same day as the chinese. you don’t greet them “Happy Korean New Year” right 🙂
2.) The history on the “DATE”of “Spring Festival”.
First, your average Chinese- Malaysian friend will tell you that the Spring Festival starts on the 1st day of the Lunar Calendar used by ancient Chinese. Whilst it is true today, that wasn’t really the case in the past.
in “Shang 商” Dynasty, the “celebration of Spring Festival/new year” was on the first day of ” la 腊 “ month (12th month) , which is the month before current “first month”.
in Zhou 周 and Qin 秦 Dynasty, the celebration of new year was on the first day of the 10th month and 11th month respectively.
It is not until the Han 汗 Dynasty that the Celebration of New year / spring festival was celebrated on the 1st day of the “YUAN” month, or the “First month”. this is reflecting the concept of 行夏之時 – Xing Xia period by the Confusianists. this date was carried on for all dynasties until today.
3.) The GREAT CONFUSION on the “Celebration of Spring Festival” and the story of “Rituals of Fire crackers and wearing Red”
If you call up a Chinese Malaysian friend, and ask them the “History of Celebrating the Spring Festival”, they will tell you the story of “NIAN Monster”.
The story of Nian goes like this : Every Winter-Spring, a monster by the name of “Nian” (now resemble “year”) comes out from the mountain/forest/jungle to kill/eat/destroy villagers and their properties. The villagers in China were so fearful of the Nian Monsters but none knows what to do about it. One day, when the Nian Monster attacked a village, one villager hit the wok with a spoon and the monster was frigthened by it. They also realize that the monster is afraid of RED colour stuffs. villagers then gathered to hit and make noise, including firing fire crackers to chase the Nian Monster away, at the sametime decorated everything in RED to scare the monsters further. after which, the elder would give the younger money 压岁钱 as “blessings” for surviving the monster attack, and young would stay awake throughout the night to “protect” the elders against the attack of “monsters” 守岁 . and of course, wearing brilliant and bright red.
however, this story is NOT the story of the celebration of Spring Festival. This is just the story/origin of the “playing fire crackers” and “wearing red colour stuff”.
The real story of Spring Festival or the Lunar New Year is VERY DULL AND DRY AND BORING. you can skip this part if you’re expecting something juicy or alluring. However if you wish to know more abotu the chinese culture on this festive season, read on :
Whilst it’s very hard to ascertain the real origin of the celerbation, Archeologist and Historians deduced that the celebration started during the Yin Shang dynastic period “殷商时期” (based on Si Ma Qian’s SHI JI 司馬遷. 《史记·殷本纪》）around 3700 years ago. It was the celebration to offer prayers to Deities, signifying the end and the beginning of the year “岁末年头祭神”, and prayers to the ancestors “祭祖活动（臘祭)”. The earliest legend of the celebration started since the time of “Yao Shun” 尧舜, who is on of the greatest general after the Yellow Emperor (黄帝） who is the first ancestor of the Han/Chinese race/ethnic. in the “Er Ya Shi Tian”, 《爾雅·釋天》, it is said that the celebration of a “year” periodic was named differently in different dynasty, and the “YEAR” word that we use today, which is “NIAN”, was used in the “ZHOU” 周 dynasty. “夏曰歲 in XIA dynasty, it’s called “SHUI”，商曰祀 in SHANG Dynasty, it’s called “SHI”，周曰年 in ZHOU Dynasty, its called “NIAN”。
Earlier Chinese Scripture of the word “NIAN”/Spring Festival/Year has the image (pictograph) of “ripe paddy”, which connotes the celebration of “harvest”. in the “Shuo Wen Zi JIe” or the record of explanation of Ancient Chinese word, it says that the word “Year/NIAN” means the ripen of Crops “《说文解字》：“年，谷熟也。从禾千声。”
Therefore, do not be confused by the story of NIAN monster and the story of Spring Festival Celebration. the logical deduction is, Chinese people celebrated the Spring Festival WAY WAY WAY before the appearance of the NIAN MONSTER story, or if it’s real, the NIAN MONSTER. the Nian Monster gave rise to the ritual of Celebrating Spring Festival through lighting up fire crackers, and wearing red, but it doesn’t explain the origin of the celebration of almost 4000 years old.
4.) ANG PAU? or the Red Packet.
The Story of Ang Pau is rather straight foward and simple : blessings from elderly to the younger through the giving of money sealed in red packet. there are many sayings and presumptions on how the traditions on this red packet are to be practiced, IE only the married are to give, and unmarried one to receive.
however, please be mindful that majority of the 1.5billion mandarin speakers don’t know what “Ang Pau” means. Ang Pau is the Hokkien word for “red packet”.
Among South East Asia Mandarin speakers, it’s called “Hong2 Bao1红包 ”
but in China and Mainland, it’s called “Ya1 Sui4 qian2 压岁钱 “,
in Hong Kong or Among the Cantonese, its called “Lai See ” 利事
Hokkien people call it “Ang Pau”.
The wide use of the word “ANG PAU” in Malaysia among other alternatives of the Red Packet is mainly attributed to the early infusion and assimiliation of the Peranakans in Melaka and Penang, who are mainly HOKKIENS. the Cantoneses Hakkas and others don’t call it “Ang Pau”. only the Hokkiens and Malays and None Mandarin / Dialect speaking Chinese in Malaysia (Bananas).
5.) Do you actually know what is the meaning of “Gong Xi Fa Chai (Mandarin)”, “Gong Hei Fat Choy (Cantonese)”, “Giong Hi Huat Chai (Hokkien)” etc? 恭喜发财 。
it literally means “Congratulation and Make more Money”. I think the Chinese might be the only ehtnic in this world that use the greeting of “make more money” as the primary greetings during the New Year / Spring celebration. Imagine during 1st January, westerner greet each other “Happy New Year! Make More money!” LOl. very uniquely chinese indeed I must say.
6.) the song “Gong Xi Ni’ 恭喜 恭喜 恭喜你 was not originally a New Year/ Spring Festival Song. It’s a Song commemorating Japanese Surrender post World War Two.
he song gong xi gong xi gong xi ni has nothing to do with spring festival or Chinese new year. ORIGINAL LYRICS was composed by 民国歌仙 陈歌辛 (a notable composer during min guo era , chen ge xian) in 1945 to commemorate the end of second sin o – Japanese war (WW2). it is only later on, that songstress Yao Li姚莉 and her brother, amended the second phase and fourth phase, which was ORIGINALLY written as WARFARE PROPAGANDA, into the chinese new year friendly ‘winter gone and spring came” phase. it was sang by the siblings without any heavy drums or percussions. just light music with only Guitar as accompaniment.
7.) The “Human” birthday on the 7th day of the new year
Many Chinese still celebrates the 7th day of new year as “human day”, signifying the day in which Human being were created by 女娲 Nu Wa the goddess. (note that the chinese believes on creationism was really really really mild – almost near none believe, unlike the Abrahamic followers’ believe on God’s creation of men).
Legend has it that Nu Wa first created Chicken on the First day, Dog on the second day, Pig on the Third day, Sheep on the Fourth day, Cow on the Fifth day, and Horse on the Sixth day. On the Seventh day, she created Mankind. Therefore Chinese people would celebrate the Seventh day as “Human day” and greet each other “HAPPY BIRTHDAY”.
8.) Birthday of the Jade Emperor on the 9th day, and why you see the Hokkiens people burn their sugar Cane
Legend also has it that the 9th day of the New year is the birthday of the Jade Emperor, or 天公诞 / heavenly birthday. Mainland China would make prayers to the Jade Emperor in temple, while the HOKKIENS people would pray to the Jade Emperor with “Sugar Cane”.
Why Sugar Cane?
in Ming and Qing Dynasty, the Hokkien territories were always subjected to invasion by the Wo Kou倭寇 (Japanese Pirates). ever since the Ming Dynasties, Wo Kou / Japanese Pirates invade the Hokkien territories shores constantly.
in one particular year around 1500 ++, the Japanese Pirates launched a large scale invasion into the Hokkien Province. The Ming Court sent a large troop of army to fight off these pirates. Rest of the civilians and peasants ran off and hide inside a Sugar Cane forest and hide the for the night, from the first day of New Year until the 9th day. On the 9th day, the pirates were defeated and only then the civilians went back to celebrate their new year (hence, “little new year”). they also made this day the “birthday of Jade Emperor”, being the Patron Deity that they prayed for safe and security. As such, every 9th day of the new year, Hokkiens would prepare sumptious offerings and sugar cane to the Jade Emperor as gratitude for his blessings.
I hope this few points gave you a rather deeper and different understanding about the Spring Festival 🙂 it is afterall a celebration of 4000 years old and modifications / twisting of traiditons are inevitable. Nevertheless, the preservation of it’s spirit and essence for such long years deserve due recognition by the celebrators to it’s detail and history.
HAPPY SPRING FESTIVAL, and MAKE MORE MONEY (GONG XI FA CHAI)!!
Tai Zee Kin
The best thing that happened this first week of the year : Implementation of No-Plastic-Bag ruling in Selangor. A lot of retailers have enforced it. We all should applaud this policy.
If you do not want to pay for the extra RM 0.20 ( which, i hope can be increased to mandatory RM 1.00 as deterrent), please bring either your old used plastic bag, or a kain/reusable bag (you can get it at very low price in IKEA etc) when you’re out to shop. Also, you can consider bringing your own food container to dapao.
The environment is not for you to harm further for convenient sake. you are supposed to feel the little “inconvenience” because that is the price you are suppose to pay to help reduce harm towards our environment – you are still harming it! don’t stick gold to our face just yet, just that we are reducing the harm. We are not even rehabilitating or improving it yet.
Here are some ideas on how you can make your own “Reuseable bags” and save cost on plastic bags.
Tips on making your own bags :
RON 95 went up by 20 sen over 2017 Near Year celebration in Malaysia. Once again, the new RON 95 pricing shocked and suprised the whole nation, and created another round of rage-suprise frenzy in social media and whatsapp.
The feeling was pretty bad indeed. How human nature works, is when you don't mentally prepare for bad things before it happens, the bad feeling that comes along become significantly worse off when it finally hits. However, if one was to thoroughly prepare for all the bad things that are about to come before it happens, the perception becomes relatively bearable when it happens. How bearable will that be, is highly dependable on how prudent you are in overestimating your cost.
So to save yourself from another potential rounds of rage, suprises and heart attacks over fuel prices, It's best that you start picking up on how to calculate RON 95 Prices. you can do so by the end of every month to predict the actual pricing.
NOW, LETS LEARN HOW TO CALCULATE RON 95 PRICE!
1.) Ingredients to the Price/Cost
Sardine Bun : You bought a Sardine bun from Giant supermarket this morning, for RM 1.60. The RM 1.60 you paid for include the cost of, among others, Floor, Sugar, Baking Soda, Sardine, Seasoning of Sardine, Onions, Salt, Oil, Preservatives, Margin of the retailer, Transportation cost, Packaging etc. Each of these ingredients and element incurs certain amount of cost. If you want to know the detailed breakdown, you can always go to the manufacturer and retailer, befriend with their accountant, and ask for them to reveal their cost to you. Fortunately you dont have to befriend a retail oil company accountant to know your RON 95 pricing.
RON 95 Petrol : Your litre of RON 95 include costing for the actual refined oil (based on MOPS pricing), alpha, operation cost, oil company margin, dealer's margin, and before 1st April 2015, Sales tax (Which is now abolished because RON 95 is not GST-taxable).
2.) How much is the cost of the individual item listed in RON 95 cost breakdown?
First we need to know, that these costings were done according to the Automatic Pricing Mechanism (APM) system implemented on 2nd April 1983. The Regulation implemented then in 1983, listed exactly how much these costings are, to the micro sen. or nano sen (whatever). Scroll down to the bottom of this post and refer to Appendix 1 if you want to read the actual APM document, released in 1983.
But they were all in words. So I made it easy for you by putting a table. Please do not share this table without my explicit permission because in the event I incurred any omission in this table, I do not want it to be mis-interpreted further. So here you go :-
So from this Table, you can see, that summing up point 2-5 you get a fixed cost of RM 0.32 (round up from RM 0.3173) per litre. IT MEANS that even if one day when Refined Fuel oil become FREE, you still have to pay RM 0.32 per litre for your RON 95.
IT's like, if one day FLOUR become free, you still have to pay for other cost of your Sardine bread too right? the sugar, packaging, transportation cost, retail shelf place etc.
skip to point 5.) if you want to continue on the calculation. Stay on point 3.) and 4.) to understand a little bit more about MOPS
3.) MOPS - Means of Platts Singapore - Why is it called "Platts"? Story Telling Session
in 1909, Mr Warren C. PLATT (1883-1963) published the "National Petroluem News", and lateron in 1923 he published the Newsletter "PLATTS OILGRAM" which was an influential reference for PETROLUEM PRICES.
The Company that Mr Warren C. PLATT formed to publish these Petroluem Prices, was McGraw-Hill, which lateron became S&P Global. the division/department within S&P Global that continues to publish commodities and energy prices, is now known as S&P Global Platts
So, in honour of Mr Platts, the Petroluem price circulation that he used to publish, is now named after him - PLATTS.
4.) What is the different between Pricing from Brent, West Texas, and Means of Platts?
Brent and West Texas are used to indicate CRUDE OIL price.
Means of Platts is used to indicate PREMIUM/REFINED OIL price. in our case, MOPS 95 for RON 95.
Think of Crude Oil, analogically, as your raw Chicken. The price of Raw Chicken, and cooked/treated chicken served on your plate in a restaurant is very different. Brent/WTI is used to measure the raw chicken price, while Means of Platts is used to measure the price of your Chicken Chop/ Chicken Maryland / KFC Spicy Dinner Plate. It is almost certain that the price of the latter is always higher than before.
So when you want to calculate the price of RON 95, which is refined for your car use, use the Means of Platts. They were used by most South East Asia country and also Australia.
However if your car runs on Crude unrefined oil, (maybe you have invented one in your garage. who knows?) then you can proceed to use Brent and WTI to calculate your RON 15 price. or RON 5. or RON8. i don't know the octane number for unrefined/Crude oil, or if there is any Octane number at all.
And if you are want understand how Platts calculate refined oil price, you can read them here.
5.) How do you calculate the MOPS cost in our Malaysia's RON 95?
First, you find out what is the current index of MOPs RON 95. I found one here, and you get something like this :-
once you get this graph, you have to start to do some home work. If you remember, our price (APM) is adjusted every month instead of everyday, and the price of the coming month is based on the average index of MOPS Ron 95 (Mogas 95) of the current month. So you will have to get the index quote for the whole month, add them up, divide by 30 to get the "Average" MOPs Price. Whatever number you get for the month, would be your amount RM X for the next month's RON 95.
IE, in the above graph, December's Average RON 95 MOGAS MOPS pricing will be the base RM X for January RON 95 price in Malaysia.
So to calculate January RON 95 Pricing, you find out the daily MOPS MOGAS 95 price, add them up and find the average. To ease your trouble, I've done that for you
Simple Excel work.
Cost per Barrel (USD)
So now, we have the average MOPS RON 95 cost per barrel for December 2016 : USD 66.553
Cost per Litre (MYR)
With that, lets first convert from barrel unit to Litre, which is what we use. The Conversion ratio is, 1 barrel = 159 Litre . Also for December, the Exchange rate between USD and MYR was about USD 1 to MYR 4.49.
So, 159 litre of December RON 95, would cost you USD 66.553, or RM 298.923
and 1 litre of December RON 95, would cost you RM 1.87938 on MOPS alone.
6.) Adding up RM X (MOPS) and RM 0.32
now, you have managed to get hold of the MOPS pricing for december 2016 (RM 1.87938). So to calculate January 2017's RON 95 retail pricing in Malaysia, add up the MOPS average monthly price (RM 1.87938), and the abovementioned other costing (alpha, dealer/oil company margins, operation cost) of RM 0.32.
the Actual APM Retail price of RON 95 for January 2017 is around
currently, you are paying RM 2.10 for it because the Government "STILL" subsidize it. If not, based on APM, like what is adapted by most countries in the world, you would have to pay RM 2.20 instead.
Conclusion : be kind to your heart, and stop exposing it to shock and rage. Do some calculations and prepare for what is coming the next month ! You can predict the price and impress your friends by your prediction, because they are quite accurately reflected most of the time.